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December 2020

Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

The Different Types of Bunions

Bunions are bony bumps that form on the outside of the big toe at the base of the joint. Bunions typically form due to excess pressure being placed on the big toe joint over time. However, there are several other types of bunions as well. A congenital hallux valgus refers to a bunion that is present in a baby at birth. Juvenile or adolescent hallux valgus refer to bunions that occur in children between the ages of 10 and 15. A Tailor’s bunion, which is also known as a bunionette, forms on the outside of the pinky toe, rather than on the big toe. Bunions may not cause symptoms initially, but tend to progress and become more uncomfortable and even painful over time. If you have bunions, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact Genine Befumo, DPM of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Monroe Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Monday, 21 December 2020 00:00

Diagnosing and Treating Cuboid Syndrome

There are many different reasons why foot pain occurs. The condition that is known as cuboid syndrome can cause pain and discomfort along the outer edge of the foot, making it difficult to walk. Cuboid syndrome is caused by an irritation of the cuboid bone, which may happen as a result of gradual overuse or due to a sudden injury. Common symptoms can include tenderness when the foot is touched, and the affected foot may be swollen. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which generally consists of having an X-ray taken, effective treatment options can be implemented. Some patients can benefit from having a cuboid adjustment performed. Acupuncture or laser treatments may be a suitable type of treatment for other patients. If you have pain along the outer edge of your foot, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the right treatment for you.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with Genine Befumo, DPM from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Monroe Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

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Ingrown toenails are a potentially painful condition in which the corner of a toenail, typically the nail on the big toe, grows into the surrounding skin instead of over it. This can cause pain, swelling, and redness. In more severe cases, the area may become infected. Risk factors for developing ingrown toenails include repetitive injury to the toe or nail, wearing shoes that are too tight and restrictive, and improperly trimming the toenails. To reduce the risk of getting an ingrown toenail, it is important to trim the toenails straight across using toenail clippers. The corners of the nail should not be rounded off, and the edge of the nail should still be long enough to hang past the point where your toenail attaches to the toe. If you are prone to developing ingrown toenails, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist, who can treat this condition and help you prevent ingrown toenails in the future.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Genine Befumo, DPM of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Monroe Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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A fungal infection of the skin on the feet is known as athlete's foot. It is often uncomfortable and may appear unsightly. Blisters can develop between the toes and the skin is generally red and itchy. Peeling skin may occur on the sole of the affected foot, and the toenails can become discolored. The fungus that causes this type of infection lives in warm and moist environments. These can consist of public swimming pools and shower room floors. It is beneficial to wear appropriate shoes while frequenting these areas as this may help to prevent the spreading of athlete's foot. Treatment methods can include applying topical antifungal medication, and this may help to provide mild relief. If you are afflicted with this ailment, please speak with a podiatrist who can determine what the best treatment is for you.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact Genine Befumo, DPM from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C.  Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Monroe Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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