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June 2020

Monday, 29 June 2020 00:00

Where Is the Tarsal Tunnel Located?

There is a part of the foot that is between the Achilles tendon and the inside of the ankle, which is referred to as the tarsal tunnel. Its function is to facilitate movement in the foot and ankle, in addition to helping to provide feeling to the sole of the foot. The medical condition that is known as tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tarsal tunnel becomes compressed. This can happen as a result of repetitive stress, or possibly from an injury. Some of the symptoms patients may feel can include pain and discomfort in the heel and arch area, a numbing sensation, and the foot may feel weak. Mild relief may be found when the activity that caused the injury ceases temporarily, in addition to performing specific stretching techniques. If you have developed tarsal tunnel syndrome, it is suggested that you seek professional advice from a podiatrist who can help you to manage this condition.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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As the aging process occurs, the importance of maintaining proper foot care becomes evident as certain foot conditions can develop. This begins with washing and drying the feet thoroughly, which may help to prevent infections from occurring. When the feet are frequently inspected, cuts, wounds, and bruises can be easily detected. Circulation may improve when the feet are elevated while sleeping. Additionally, it is beneficial to wear shoes that have extra cushioning, which may be helpful in reducing existing foot pain. If you would like more information about how to take care of an elderly person’s feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can provide useful tips for everyday foot care.

Proper foot care is something many older adults forget to consider. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

The Elderly and Their Feet

As we age we start to notice many changes in our body, but the elder population may not notice them right away. Medical conditions may prevent the elderly to take notice of their foot health right away. Poor vision is a lead contributor to not taking action for the elderly.

Common Conditions 

  • Neuropathy – can reduce feeling in the feet and can hide many life-threatening medical conditions.
  • Reduced flexibility – prevents the ability of proper toenail trimming, and foot cleaning. If left untreated, it may lead to further medical issues.
  • Foot sores – amongst the older population can be serious before they are discovered. Some of the problematic conditions they may face are:
  • Gouging toenails affecting nearby toe
  • Shoes that don’t fit properly
  • Pressure sores
  • Loss of circulation in legs & feet
  • Edema & swelling of feet and ankles

Susceptible Infections

Diabetes and poor circulation can cause general loss of sensitivity over the years, turning a simple cut into a serious issue.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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While high heels are often uncomfortable, they can also cause harmful foot problems for frequent wearers. To start, high heels can cause cosmetic issues, such as bunions or hammertoes. High heels can lead to tendonitis by straining the ankle and tendons as well. High heels also lead to overuse of the natural cushioning on the foot, causing it to diminish over time. Some ways to mitigate the effects of high heels include massaging and stretching the legs after use, alternating heel heights, and wearing heels in moderation. A podiatrist will be able to help diagnose and treat any issues that a person has endured due to high heels. For further information about preventing injuries while wearing high heels, please consult with a podiatrist.

High heels have a history of causing foot and ankle problems. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Effects of High Heels on the Feet

High heels are popular shoes among women because of their many styles and societal appeal.  Despite this, high heels can still cause many health problems if worn too frequently.

Which Parts of My Body Will Be Affected by High Heels?

  • Ankle Joints
  • Achilles Tendon – May shorten and stiffen with prolonged wear
  • Balls of the Feet
  • Knees – Heels cause the knees to bend constantly, creating stress on them
  • Back – They decrease the spine’s ability to absorb shock, which may lead to back pain.  The vertebrae of the lower back may compress.

What Kinds of Foot Problems Can Develop from Wearing High Heels?

  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Morton’s Neuroma
  • Plantar Fasciitis

How Can I Still Wear High Heels and Maintain Foot Health?

If you want to wear high heeled shoes, make sure that you are not wearing them every day, as this will help prevent long term physical problems.  Try wearing thicker heels as opposed to stilettos to distribute weight more evenly across the feet.  Always make sure you are wearing the proper shoes for the right occasion, such as sneakers for exercising.  If you walk to work, try carrying your heels with you and changing into them once you arrive at work.  Adding inserts to your heels can help cushion your feet and absorb shock. Full foot inserts or metatarsal pads are available. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Many people who stand and walk for the majority of the day for work may experience tired and aching feet. The feet are considered to be the foundation of the body, and people can generally feel tired when foot pain is present. Conditions that can occur as a result of standing for extended periods of time can include blisters and corns. It is also possible to develop the painful ailment that is known as plantar fasciitis. Relief may be found when shoes that are worn fit properly, in addition to soaking the feet at the end of the work day. Research has shown it is beneficial to perform gentle foot stretches throughout the day, and it may help to wear custom made orthotics. If you would like additional information about how to alleviate foot pain, please consult with a podiatrist for professional care.

While working on the feet, it is important to take the proper care of them. For more information about working on your feet, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Working on Your Feet

Standing on your feet for long periods of time can cause stress and pain in your feet. Your whole body may experience change in terms of posture, back pain, bunions, callouses and or plantar warts. There are ways to avoid these conditions with proper foot care, smart choices and correct posture.

Positive Changes

Negative heeled shoe – Choosing this shoe type places the heel slightly lower than the ball of the foot. These are great for overall foot health. Find shoes that fit you correctly.

Go barefoot – Our feet were not designed to be enclosed for all hours of the day. Try to periodically expose your feet to air.

Eliminate Pain

Foot Exercises – Performing simple exercises, incorporating yoga and doing stretches are beneficial. This will allow increased blood flow to the area and muscles of the foot.

Achilles tendon – Stretching the foot out flat on the floor will relax the calf muscles and tendon. These exercises can be performed almost anywhere. Make sure you add these exercises to your daily regimen. 

With a little bit of this information and knowing more about foot health, you will notice changes. Foot stretches and proper footwear will help with pain and prevent further issues.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

Monday, 01 June 2020 00:00

Common Symptoms of an Ingrown Toenail

The toe that is most often impacted by an ingrown toenail is the big toe. It happens as a result of the outer edges of the nail growing into the surrounding skin, and can cause pain and discomfort. Additional symptoms can include swelling, redness, and the toe may ooze pus. Several reasons why ingrown toenails develop can consist of genetic factors, trimming the toenails incorrectly, and wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Mild relief may be found when that nail is soaked in warm water, as this is helpful in softening the skin surrounding the nail. If you have developed an ingrown toenail, please seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can guide you toward proper treatment techniques.

Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • Improper toenail trimming
  • Genetics
  • Improper shoe fitting
  • Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • Abnormal gait
  • Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
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