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Identification and Diagnosis of Flat Feet

Tuesday, 28 May 2024 00:00

Flat feet, or fallen arches, are a common condition where the arches on the inside of the feet are flattened, allowing the entire sole to touch the floor while standing. This can be identified through a simple test. Wet your feet and stand on a flat surface where your footprint will show. A complete imprint of the sole indicates flat feet. Causes range from inherited genetic traits to weakened muscles in the feet and ankles due to aging or injury. While flat feet themselves are not always problematic, they can lead to complications such as foot pain, alignment issues with the ankles and knees, and increased risk of injuries. Management options include wearing supportive shoes, custom orthotic devices, engaging in exercises that strengthen foot muscles, and reducing activities that put excessive strain on the feet. If you have flat feet and have foot pain or mobility issues that persist, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for a thorough evaluation and tailored treatment plan.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Genine Befumo, DPM from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Monroe Township, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about What is Flexible Flat Foot?
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