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Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

Causes of Stress Fractures in Children

A hairline fracture is another name for a stress fracture. When it occurs in the foot, it can be accompanied by subtle pain and discomfort, and your walking may be affected as well. It is considered to be a common injury in active children, and may worsen when pressure is exerted on the affected area. Stress fractures can happen as a result of repetitive stress that is endured by the feet from participating in running and jumping activities. Children who have fragile bones or vitamin deficiencies may be prone to developing stress fractures. Common symptoms may include bones in the feet that are painful to touch, and swelling. If your child has pain in their feet, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly diagnose and treat stress fractures.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

Gout Pain and the Big Toe

Joint pain in the big toe and surrounding area could be indicative of gout. This is an arthritic condition that generally causes severe pain and discomfort, and many patients also find it difficult to walk. Common symptoms of gout can include swelling and redness around the affected joint, and it may be painful to move the toe. This condition is caused by excess uric acid in the blood, and it can occur from specific types of foods that are eaten. These can consist of foods that have high levels of purines, which may include shellfish, organ meats, and drinks that have elevated amounts of sugar. Research has shown that patients who are obese may be prone to developing gout as well. If you are afflicted with gout or experience gout attacks, it is strongly advised that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can effectively treat and manage this condition.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Monday, 04 January 2021 00:00

Yoga for Plantar Fasciitis Pain

Plantar fasciitis is a condition in which the plantar fascia, a ligament that runs along the bottom of the foot, becomes inflamed. This can cause a stabbing pain in the heel. Stretching the foot may help reduce the pain associated with plantar fasciitis. Did you know that you can stretch the feet while doing yoga? For example, while standing, lift your right heel off of the ground and roll onto your right toes. Then place your right heel back onto the ground and repeat on the opposite foot. Do this several times to stretch the arch area. For more information about the benefits of yoga and stretching for plantar fasciitis pain, please consult with a podiatrist.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful and inconvenient. If you are experiencing heel pain or symptoms of plantar fasciitis, contact one of our podiatrists  from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of your foot, known as the plantar fascia, and causes mild to severe heel pain.

What Causes Plantar Fasciitis?

  • Excessive running
  • Non-supportive shoes
  • Overpronation
  • Repeated stretching and tearing of the plantar fascia

How Can It Be Treated?

  • Conservative measures – anti-inflammatories, ice packs, stretching exercises, physical therapy, orthotic devices
  • Shockwave therapy – sound waves are sent to the affected area to facilitate healing and are usually used for chronic cases of plantar fasciitis
  • Surgery – usually only used as a last resort when all else fails. The plantar fascia can be surgically detached from the heel

While very treatable, plantar fasciitis is definitely not something that should be ignored. Especially in severe cases, speaking to your doctor right away is highly recommended to avoid complications and severe heel pain. Your podiatrist can work with you to provide the appropriate treatment options tailored to your condition.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Plantar Fasciitis
Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

The Different Types of Bunions

Bunions are bony bumps that form on the outside of the big toe at the base of the joint. Bunions typically form due to excess pressure being placed on the big toe joint over time. However, there are several other types of bunions as well. A congenital hallux valgus refers to a bunion that is present in a baby at birth. Juvenile or adolescent hallux valgus refer to bunions that occur in children between the ages of 10 and 15. A Tailor’s bunion, which is also known as a bunionette, forms on the outside of the pinky toe, rather than on the big toe. Bunions may not cause symptoms initially, but tend to progress and become more uncomfortable and even painful over time. If you have bunions, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for treatment. 

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about What Are Bunions?
Monday, 28 December 2020 00:00

Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

Monday, 21 December 2020 00:00

Diagnosing and Treating Cuboid Syndrome

There are many different reasons why foot pain occurs. The condition that is known as cuboid syndrome can cause pain and discomfort along the outer edge of the foot, making it difficult to walk. Cuboid syndrome is caused by an irritation of the cuboid bone, which may happen as a result of gradual overuse or due to a sudden injury. Common symptoms can include tenderness when the foot is touched, and the affected foot may be swollen. After a proper diagnosis is performed, which generally consists of having an X-ray taken, effective treatment options can be implemented. Some patients can benefit from having a cuboid adjustment performed. Acupuncture or laser treatments may be a suitable type of treatment for other patients. If you have pain along the outer edge of your foot, it is strongly recommended that you consult with a podiatrist who can guide you toward the right treatment for you.

Cuboid syndrome, also known as cuboid subluxation, occurs when the joints and ligaments near the cuboid bone in the foot become torn. If you have cuboid syndrome, consult with one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Cuboid syndrome is a common cause of lateral foot pain, which is pain on the outside of the foot. The condition may happen suddenly due to an ankle sprain, or it may develop slowly overtime from repetitive tension through the bone and surrounding structures.

Causes

The most common causes of cuboid syndrome include:

  • Injury – The most common cause of this ailment is an ankle sprain.
  • Repetitive Strain – Tension placed through the peroneus longus muscle from repetitive activities such as jumping and running may cause excessive traction on the bone causing it to sublux.
  • Altered Foot Biomechanics – Most people suffering from cuboid subluxation have flat feet.

Symptoms

A common symptom of cuboid syndrome is pain along the outside of the foot which can be felt in the ankle and toes. This pain may create walking difficulties and may cause those with the condition to walk with a limp.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of cuboid syndrome is often difficult, and it is often misdiagnosed. X-rays, MRIs and CT scans often fail to properly show the cuboid subluxation. Although there isn’t a specific test used to diagnose cuboid syndrome, your podiatrist will usually check if pain is felt while pressing firmly on the cuboid bone of your foot.

Treatment

Just as the range of causes varies widely, so do treatments. Some more common treatments are ice therapy, rest, exercise, taping, and orthotics.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

 

Read more about Cuboid Syndrome

Ingrown toenails are a potentially painful condition in which the corner of a toenail, typically the nail on the big toe, grows into the surrounding skin instead of over it. This can cause pain, swelling, and redness. In more severe cases, the area may become infected. Risk factors for developing ingrown toenails include repetitive injury to the toe or nail, wearing shoes that are too tight and restrictive, and improperly trimming the toenails. To reduce the risk of getting an ingrown toenail, it is important to trim the toenails straight across using toenail clippers. The corners of the nail should not be rounded off, and the edge of the nail should still be long enough to hang past the point where your toenail attaches to the toe. If you are prone to developing ingrown toenails, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist, who can treat this condition and help you prevent ingrown toenails in the future.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenail Care

A fungal infection of the skin on the feet is known as athlete's foot. It is often uncomfortable and may appear unsightly. Blisters can develop between the toes and the skin is generally red and itchy. Peeling skin may occur on the sole of the affected foot, and the toenails can become discolored. The fungus that causes this type of infection lives in warm and moist environments. These can consist of public swimming pools and shower room floors. It is beneficial to wear appropriate shoes while frequenting these areas as this may help to prevent the spreading of athlete's foot. Treatment methods can include applying topical antifungal medication, and this may help to provide mild relief. If you are afflicted with this ailment, please speak with a podiatrist who can determine what the best treatment is for you.

Athlete’s foot is an inconvenient condition that can be easily reduced with the proper treatment. If you have any concerns about your feet and ankles, contact one of our podiatrists from University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C.  Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Athlete’s Foot: The Sole Story

Athlete's foot, also known as tinea pedis, can be an extremely contagious foot infection. It is commonly contracted in public changing areas and bathrooms, dormitory style living quarters, around locker rooms and public swimming pools, or anywhere your feet often come into contact with other people.

Solutions to Combat Athlete’s Foot

  • Hydrate your feet by using lotion
  • Exfoliate
  • Buff off nails
  • Use of anti-fungal products
  • Examine your feet and visit your doctor if any suspicious blisters or cuts develop

Athlete’s foot can cause many irritating symptoms such as dry and flaking skin, itching, and redness. Some more severe symptoms can include bleeding and cracked skin, intense itching and burning, and even pain when walking. In the worst cases, Athlete’s foot can cause blistering as well. Speak to your podiatrist for a better understanding of the different causes of Athlete’s foot, as well as help in determining which treatment options are best for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Athlete’s Foot

Thickened toenails can be the first sign of several different foot conditions. Onychomycosis, or a fungal infection of the toenails, can make the toenails thick, crumbly, and discolored. Psoriasis is a skin condition that can cause the toenails to thicken and become deformed with tiny pits on their surfaces. While psoriasis is not a fungal infection, it can look like one, and may also make you susceptible to contract a fungal infection. Physical damage to the toenails, such as an injury, can even cause them to become thickened. Toenails tend to thicken and harden with age, and are especially common in elderly people. If you have thickened toenails, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist. 

For more information about treatment, contact one of our podiatrists of University Foot and Ankle Center, L.L.C. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Toenail Fungus Treatment

Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.

Antifungals & Deterrence

Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.

Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.

Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in East Brunswick, and Monroe Township, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about How to Treat Your Toenail Fungus
Saturday, 28 November 2020 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

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